The Globalisation of Caste

The second wave of South Asian immigrants, notably in the UK and US, mainly were privileged dominant caste groups. However, according to Vivek Kumar, Indian Dalits started migrating to the US in the 1970s, and their arrivals challenged the subdued caste hierarchies outside South Asia. A list of systematic analyses and evidence of the existence of caste worldwide follows.

Ambedkar King Study Circle. Everyday Casteism in the US.
Ayyathurai, G. (2021). Emigration Against Caste, Transformation of the Self, and Realization of the Casteless Society in Indian Diaspora in advance. Essays in Philosophy.
Berg, D.E, (2007). Sovereignties, the World Conference against Racism 2001 and the Formation of a Dalit Human Rights Campaign SSRN:
Jodhka, S., & Shah, G. (2010). Comparative Contexts of Discrimination: Caste and Untouchability in South Asia. Economic and Political Weekly, 45(48), 99-106.
Kumar, V. (2009). Dalit Diaspora: Invisible Existence. Diaspora Studies, 2(1), 53–74.
Mosse, D. (2020). Outside Caste? The Enclosure of Caste and Claims to Castelessness in India and the United Kingdom. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 62(1), 4–34.
Metcalf, H. & R.Heather (2010). Caste discrimination and harassment in Great Britain. Report into Caste Discrimination in Great Britain: National Institute of Economic and Social Research: Report 101213. London
Silva, K. T., Sivapragasam, P. P., & Thanges, P. (2009, November 6). Caste Discrimination and Social Justice in Sri Lanka: An Overview. Indian Institute of Dalit Studies.
Teltumbde, A. (2010). Globalisation and Caste. Voice of Dalit, 3(2), 101–138.
Zwick-Maitreyi, M., Soundararajan, T., Dar, N., Bheel, R.F., & Balakrishnan, P. (2018). Caste in the United States. A Survey of Caste among South Asian Americans. Equality Labs. The USA. 

Media reports on caste practices in Australia
Knox, M. (n.d.). Caste acts. Special Broadcasting Service, Australia.

Shaukat, Z. (2020). Why is sanitation work reserved for non-Muslim minorities? The news on Sunday.
Soundarajan, T. 2016 Erasing Caste: The Battle Over California Textbooks and Caste Apartheid. The Huffington Post.
Kaur, H. C. (2022, January 30). Colleges and universities across the US are moving to ban caste discrimination. CNN.